Traumatic Brain Injury Causes and Symptoms
We’ve all heard the phrase traumatic brain injury. But what are traumatic brain injury causes? What are the types of traumatic brain injury? What are the symptoms of traumatic brain injury? This post casts some light on these questions.
Your head is one of the most vulnerable parts of your body. An accident or fall can cause an injury to the head which can lead to a traumatic brain injury, TBI. Head injuries can occur in a number of different ways. Vehicle collisions, bicycle crashes, falls, sports injuries and construction site accidents are among the most common ways that the head can be injured. An injury to the head requires immediate medical treatment. If a severe injury occurs it can cause severe and permanent damage. If the injury was the result of negligence on the part of another, you may need consult with a qualified Savannah personal injury attorney.
Head injuries, like injuries to other parts of the body, can range from mild to severe. A head injury can be either closed or open. An open injury means that the skin or skull is penetrated due to the injury. Closed head injuries can be more difficult to diagnose because there may be no outward appearance of them.
The brain is protected under the skull but when there is a sudden force or trauma the brain can be hurt. This can happen from a direct blow to the head or from a sudden jerking motion such as can occur in a car crash. The brain may hit against the skull with great force causing a bruise with bleeding and swelling. Mild cases are called concussions. If the injury is more severe it could cause extremely severe damage to the brain.
Traumatic Brain Injury Causes
The Mayo Clinic lists these causes of traumatic brain injury:
- Falling from a ladder, a bed, downstairs, in the bathroom, and in the process suffering a blow to the head.
- Motor vehicle accidents, especially those involving unprotected persons such as motorcycle, bicycle riders or pedestrians.
- Violence, including gunshot wounds, assault in the home, child abuse and “shaken baby syndrome.”
- Sports injuries, particularly among sports that emphasize physical contact resulting in blows to the head, such as football, soccer, boxing and hockey.
- Explosions, either civilian accidents or more often injuries from military combat.
Types of Traumatic Injuries
According to the Mayo Clinic, a traumatic brain injury can be caused by a violent blow to the head. These types of traumatic brain injuries are considered “closed head.” But you can also have a traumatic brain injury from something that penetrates your brain, such as a bullet or a piece of skull.
Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
Moderate traumatic brain injuries can bring on a host of symptoms, such as brief loss of consciousness, mental disorientation, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, drowsiness, speech impairment, either sleeping too much or too little, dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, loss of ability to detect smells, light or sound sensitivity, memory issues, mood changes or swings and depression or anxiety.
Severe traumatic brain injury symptoms can include prolonged unconsciousness, a persistent headache or one that worsens, vomiting, nausea, seizures or convulsions, dilation of the pupils, clear liquid draining from the nose or ears, inability to wake up, weakness or numbness in the toes or fingers, lack of coordination, severe confusion, agitation, combativeness, and slurred sleep.
Medical Care for a Traumatic Brain Injury
Any injury to the head needs to be considered a medical emergency and needs to be diagnosed quickly. The doctor will examine the head and do tests to determine the extent of damage to the brain. Bleeding on the brain is the biggest concern in these types of cases. Even a mild blow to the head could result in bleeding that could cause permanent damage or become life-threatening.
In some instances surgery is required to open the skull to allow room for swelling to take place. Without medical intervention, the brain would have nowhere to expand and death could occur. When bleeding and swelling happen they cut off oxygen to the affected parts of the brain. Lack of oxygen causes those areas to die and lose function. If important areas of the brain are affected the person could suffer permanent brain damage.
Once the immediate danger is over the doctor will assess the damage. Patients could suffer minimal harm or traumatic brain injury could be severe and permanent. The damage depends on many factors such as the location of the impact and how quickly medical care was provided. When pressure on the brain is relieved more quickly the outcome is likely to be better.
Compensation for a Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries can occur to people of all ages. They are extremely serious injuries and may require medical care and treatment for the rest of your life. The costs for this treatment can be astronomical and the person is deprived of a normal life. Victims of TBI and their families may be entitled to compensation for damages. If your loved one suffered a TBI contact the legal team at Bader Scott Injury Lawyers for a consultation today.
Seth Bader is an Auto accident, Workers Compensation and Personal Injury Attorney who practices in Atlanta, Rome, Savannah, Norcross, Carrollton, Georgia. He graduated from Florida State University College of Law, and has been practicing law for 14 years. Seth Bader believes in fighting for the injured. Learn more about his experience by clicking here.